Apuntes for U2E1 - Más Práctica pages 45-48

Welcome to your notes for U2E1!
 
I.  Más Práctica pages 45-46: (scroll down for notes on pages 46-47)
 
   A.  the long forms of Possessive adjectives
         1.  first recall the short forms:                                                          1.  mi, -s      11.  nuestro, -a, -s
                                                                                                                    2.  tu, -s        22.  vuestro, -a, -s
                                                                                                                    3.  su, -s       33.  su, -s
         
         2.  placement in front of the noun                                       mi muñeca,  nuestros bloques and su oso de peluche
 
         3.  the long forms are similar, but not the same.                           1.  mío, -a, -s       11.  nuestro, -a, -s
              Here are the adjectives:                                                                 2.  tuyo, -a, -s       22. vuestro, -a, -s
                                                                                                                          3.  suyo, -a, -s      33.  suyo, -a, -s
 
         4.  the placement is behind the noun:               la or una muñeca mía,  los bloques nuestros and un muñeco de peluche suyo 
 
   B.  Forming Possessive Pronouns:                           Place the definate atticle (el, la, los or las) in front of the "long form"
                                                                                     of the possessive adjective: la mía (mine - the doll) es nueva
            
            examples:                                                                  Los nuestros (ours - the blocks) son grandes.
                                                                                                 el suyo (his - the stuffed animal) es viejo.
                                                                                                   la tuya (your - stepsister) tiene envidia.
            
            * note the agreement of the definate article and the possesive adjective with the noun
 
   C.  Reflexive verbs and their pronouns
 
         1.  definition                                          a.  When someone does something to themself:  llamarse - to call oneself   
                                                                                                                                                     sentarse - to sit oneself down
                                                                                                                                                    esconderse - to hide oneself, etc.
                                                                         
                                                                         b.  When someone has a personal reaction: aburirse - to get bored
                                                                                                                                               enojarse - to get angry
                                                                                                                                               divertirse - to enjoy oneself, etc
 
                                                                         c.  When one does the same thing with someone else:  pelearse - to fight
                                                                                                                                                  reunirse - to meet / get together
 
      2.  Subjects + reflexive pronoun +                1.  (yo) me escond                  11.  (nosotros, -as) nos escondemos
            the conjugated verb:                                 2.  (tú) te escondes                    22.  (vosotros, -as) os escondéis
                                                                             3.  (él / ella / Ud.) se esconde    33.  (ellos / ellas / Uds.) se esconden
      
      3.  review of the reflexive pronouns                                 1. me        11.  nos
                                                                                                2. te          22.  os
                                                                                                3. se          33. se
 
      4.  What about with infinitives???                                    Me gusta esconderme.  Ella quiere sentarse.  Nos encanta reunirnos 
            attach the pronoun to the verb
 
II.  Más Práctica pages 47-48:
   A.  Remember that you have already learned to use the preterit tense to talk about completed actions in the past.  Now you will
   find out about another past tense called the imperfect, which can be used in the following ways:
      
      1.  to speak about background events in a story (while he ate - imperfect, I answered to door - preterit)
 
      2.  to talk about something you used to do as a matter of habit or on going ( I used to fish, play with dolls and ride my bicycle).
 
      3.  to speak about someone's age in the past (he was 19 - imperfect)
 
      4.  to say what time is was (It was 11:00 PM when they got home). 
           It may sound "preterit", but time is always imperfect in the past!! 
 
   B.  Forming the imperfect tense                        -ar                                 -er                                     -ir (same as -er verbs)
         (no stem-changers, Yea!!)                        cantar                            tener                                 salir
                                                                              1.  cantaba                  1.  tenía                             1.  salía
                                                                              2.  cantabas                2.  tenías                           2.  salías
                                                                              3.  cantaba                  3.  tenía                              3.  salía
                                                                            11.  cantábamos        11.  teníamos                   11.  salíamos
                                                                            22.  cantabais             22.  teníais                        22.  salíais
                                                                            33.  cantaban              33.  tenían                         33.  salían
 
            Examples:      Mi Abuelo trabajaba en el banco todo los días (My grandpa worked in the bank every day.)
                                      Don Miguel siempre decía chistes muy divertidos.  (Don Miguel always told very funny jokes.)
                                       Nosotros nunca saltábamos la cuerda en la cocina. (We never jumped rope in the kitchen.)
 
         * notice the accent on the "11" form of the -ar verb to maintain the same sound as the other forms  This is my
             favorite tense because there are no stem-changes, only 3 irregulars and it is fun to say
            "trabajábmos."  
 
   C.  there are only 3 irregular                               ser                                 ir                                        ver                           
         verbs in the imperfect tense.                     1.   era                         1.  iba                                 1.  veía 
                                                                           2.   eras                        2.  ibas                               2.  veías
                                                                           3.   era                          3.  iba                                3.  veía 
                                                                           11.  éramos                11.  íbamos                        11.  veíamos  
                                                                            22.  erais                     22.  ibais                           22.  veíais 
                                                                            33.  eran                      33.  iban                            33.  veían
 
      Examlpes:            Tú eras mi mejor amigo (You were my best friend)
                                    Eran las siete cuando el partido empezó. ( It was 7 o'clock when the game began)
                                    Los gemelos iban al parque. (The twins used to go to the park.)
                                    Un gemelo veía demaisiado television.  (One twin used to watch too much TV.)
 
Now you are ready to tell stories in the past...mixing the preterit and the imperfect.
     Había una princesa muy triste.  Ella vivía en Temecula y no tenía amigos.  Un día,
     la familia suya se mudó a Murrieta.  Ella empezó a estudiar en la escuela de MVHS. 
     Ella conoció muchos amigos.  Ella estaba feliz en Murrieta.