Apuntes U2E3 - Direct, Indirect & Double Object Pronouns / MP páginas 61-64 - U2E3

Sp II - Apuntes - Más Práctica, páginas 61-64
      (Scroll down for MP pages 63-64)
A. Direct Object Pronouns (DOP's)
   (Scroll down for notes on Indirect Object Pronouns and Double Object Pronouns)
      1.  Use DOP's when you don't want to keep repeating the Direct Object Nouns.
            (I like tamales, I want tamales.  I need tamales.  Do have any tamales? etc)
            a.  Comemos tamales (we eat tamales).   >   Los comemos (we them).
            b.  Llamamos al mesero (We called the waiter)   >   Lo llamamos (we called him)
                  *The waiter is the direct object even though it takes a personal "a."
      2.  What are the DOP's                           Direct Object Pronouns
                                                                              1.  me      11.  nos
                                                                              2.  te         22.  os
                                                                              3.  lo / la   33.  los / las
      3.  DOP's answer two                         Whom? - Whom did you see?  Whom did you hug? 
           important questions!                      What? - What did they see?  What did they hear?
      4.  DOP placement in                        a.  Before conjugated verbs - Lo escuchas?                           
            relation to the verb:                       b1. Before or After infinitives -  Quiero escucharlo.
                                                                                                                          Lo quiero escuchar.
                                                                    b2. Before or after  "-ndo" forms - Estoy escuchándolo
                                                                                                                              Lo estoy escuchando.
                                                                     *notice that the DOP attaches to the end infinitive and the
                                                                     progressive (-ndo) when it follows them.
      5.  How about some practice?           a.  I set the table with silverware.  What is the DO noun?
                                                                          I set what?  I set the table.  Table is the DO noun.
                                                                         Now, what is the DOP?   Table is femine and singular.
                                                                         Yes, "it" is correct.  What is the new sentence with the DOP?
                                                                          I set it with silverware.
                                                                      b.  We saw my sisters in the park.
                                                                            Who did we see?  My sisters!
                                                                             We saw them in the park.
                                                                      c.   ¿Comiste tú las cebollas con la carne de res? (¿Qué?)
                                                                             ¿Las comiste tú con la carne de res?
                                                                      d.  Ella necesita lavar los tomates.
                                                                           Ella ___ necesita lavar o Ella necesita lavar___.
                                                                       e.  Uds. están sirviendo a sus primos el pescado
                                                                             Uds. los están sirviendo el pescado. o Uds. están
                                                                              sirviéndolos el pescado.
B.  Indirect Object Pronouns (IOP's)
      1.  Use IOP's in order to stop repeating Indirect Object Nouns
            (I served Mary cherries.  I bought Mary potatoes.  I ordered Mary pasta.  I made Mary  tacos) 
      2.  The IOP's are similar, but                                    Indirect Object Pronouns
            not identical to the DOP's                                        1.  me      11.  nos
                                                                                                2.  te         22.  os
                                                                                                3.  le         33.  les
            *If there is an Indirect Object in the sentence, there is usually a Direct Object also.
      3.  IOP's answer two                              To whom?  to whom are you singing? serving? selling?                                         
            important questions!                        For whom?  for whom are you buying that car?
      4.  IOP's and DOP follow the                     a.  before the conjugated verb - Le mando flores.
           same placement rules.                          b1.  Before or after infinitives - Quiero mandarle flores
                                                                                                                              Le quiero comprar flores.
                                                                             b2. Before or after "-ndo" forms:
                                                                                                                       Voy a cantarte un canción
                                                                                                                        Te voy a cantar una canción.

5.  Practice:  pick out the IO Noun,               1.  Yo ofrecí a mi madre una rosa blanca.
            then put the IOP in the sentence.            2.  Necesito preguntar a ti la hora.
                                                                                3.  Paco está preparando la cena para su novia.
         *Remember the how to use the two questions...for whom was it done? or to whom was it done?
                                                                                 1.  To whom did I offer a white rose?
                                                                                  2.  To whom did we need to ask the time?
                                                                                  3.   For whom is Paco preparing the dinner?
C.  Double Object Pronouns
   1.  If both direct and indirect objects are used in a sentence, then the IOP is always first, whether in front of the conjugated verb or attached to an  
         infinitive or a "progressive.  Remember that  "Lelo* is a Bobo."  When "le" or "les" is used in front of lo / las / los / or las, "se that the place of le or   
         les become "se lo, se la, se los or se las.  These will become one word when attached at the end of an infinitive or a progressive.
         a.  Maria vende el  (lo) a su primo (le).  Then, Maria lelo* vende.  Finally, Maria se lo vende
         b.  El mesero dio a mí los cuchillos.  Then, El meseo me los dio.  No need for Lelo is a bobo. 
         c.  Nosotros compramos los frijoles for you.  Then, Nosotros te los compramos.  Again, no need for Lelo is a bobo.
    2.  When a conjugated verb appears with an infinitive or an -ndo (-ing, progressive, gerund) form, then the pronouns can go Before OR After the verbs.
         a.  Tú me los vas a compraran also be written Tó vas a comprármelos...but an accent must be added over the stressed vowel if it doesn't follow the
               rules of Spanish pronunciation. 
         b.  Paco y Chuy  ofrecieron su mantel a las chicas para la cena.  Then, Ellos leslo ofrecieron para la cena.  Finally, Ellos selo ofrecieron para la cena.
     3.  When in doubt;
           a.  first, find the DOP's (verb + whom? - saw whom?and the IOPs (verb + to whom? or for whom? serves to whom? buys for whom?)
            b.  second, place the object pronouns correctly.
                  1.  Is the verb conjugated in a simple tense (Sirve, compró, daba, etc)?  Then the pronoun (s) go in front of the verb.
                  2.  Is there an infinitive (quiero dejar... - necesitan comprar... - vamos a dar...)?  Then you have a choice, put the pronoun (s) in front of the entire
                        phrase - la quiero dejar (una propina)  or attached at the end of the entire phrase - Vamos a dártelo (We a going to give it to you)
                  3.  Is there a progressive tense (present or past)?  Then, it is like #2 (above)?   Estaban pidiéndoselas or Estamos comiéndolo